创建易访问的文档

可访问性准则和规则适用于 所有 documents—even those that are only meant to be printed and distributed. 

为什么?

  1. Because disabled individuals may have difficulty reading and/or understanding your 打印文档.
  2. Because many 打印文档s are eventu所有y uploaded and linked to a webpage or 通过电子邮件发送给另一个人或组织. 这样做可以转换打印的文档 成一个 电子/数字 版本. 

文件类型: 

  • 形式
  • 备忘录
  • 事务性文件(表格、合同)
  • 财务报告
  • 会议记录及议程
  • 演讲
  • 新闻稿
  • 说明和文档

用于创建文档的软件:

  • 微软办公软件(Word, Excel, Access, PowerPoint等.)
  • 谷歌(文档,幻灯片,表格)
  • Adobe (PDF, InDesign)
  • Mac (Pages, Keynote)

的指导方针

 基本无障碍指南 apply to 所有 documents, regardless of the type of document or the software being used. 

After you understand the basic guidelines, you will need to learn how to accomplish 他们使用各种各样的软件. 看到的: 培训 

上载文件至皇冠8868网站

皇冠8868 web content guidelines 所有ow only certain kinds of documents to be uploaded and 链接. 您可以使用皇冠8868的助手来确定您的文档是否 should be uploaded or whether you should put the content of the document on a webpage.

» 文档决策助手

特殊情况

Sometimes it is necessary to scan a document to make it available electronic所有y. To be fully accessible, you must take certain steps to insure the scanned document 质量很高. Even if a document is not needed for a person with disability, a poor scan often negatively impacts the end user’s experience.

高质量扫描文档

A high quality scanned document is easy for everyone to read, including people with 视力低或使用屏幕阅读器的人. 高质量的扫描不应该有:

  • 被切断的文本
  • 弯曲的页面
  • 边缘有黑影
  • 可怜的对比
  • 模糊的文本
  • 旋转90度或180度的页面
  • handwriting, highlighting, underlining, stains, or other marks
  • 过多使用脚本或斜体字体

扫描仪的设置

Be sure the DPI (dots per inch) is set to a minimum of 300 dpi. 文件扫描 at a lower resolution will not be recognized by con版本 software. 扫描文件 at 600 dpi might be necessary for certain STEM content or other highly formatted documents.

Scan the document in black/white or 24-bit color depending on (a) whether the color of the original is important, and (b) whether your choice of color will have an effect 在对比.

Make sure the scanner is using Optical Character Recognition (OCR). OCR保证了这一点 your document contains text that can be 搜索ed, copied, and pasted. 这个选项 可能表示为“将文档另存为可搜索PDF ?.“不要扫描文件 JPG或其他图像文件!

扫描过程

If you are scanning a book with a spine, push the spine down flat to insure that 所有 文本复制得很清楚. Consider removing the binding if the gutter is sm所有 or tightly bound. 这允许 用于高速扫描和更高质量的扫描.

不要合并页面. 每一页都应该是单独的扫描.

When possible, your form should appear in an online format, such as Google 形式. PDF表单很难访问.